Some nice places to go on Lesbos Aegean Island of Greece
Lesvos has many interesting museums scattered around the island and of course in the main town of Mytilene
Archaeological Museum - Mytilene
The archaeological museum is spread between 2 buildings near the centre of Mytilene. It has a fine collection of antiquities from ancient Greek times up to Roman times.
Theofilos Museum - Mytilene
The Theophilos museum was built in 1964 in the suburb of Varia, about 4 kilometres from the centre of Mytilini, and houses 86 works by the Lesvos folk artist.
Teriade Museum - Mytilene
Next door to the Theofilos museum is the Teriade museum. It houses lithographs, engravings, woodblock prints and watercolours by the likes of Miró, Chagall, Picasso, Matisse, Le Corbusier, Léger, Roualt and Villon. These were commissioned by Teriade, an art critic and publisher, who originally came from Mytilene.
The petrified forest of Lesvos was formed some 20 million years ago, when a volcanic eruption covered much of the west of the island in lava. The forest of giant redwoods and pines that then stood there was covered in volcanic ash. This had the effect of preserving the trees, which then turned literally to stone.
In Sigri you can find The Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest, which has lots of information about this phenomenon. From there you can then travel to the forest park, which is situated just outside Sigri.
The island of Lesvos, located in the North Aegean Sea is one of the largest Greek islands, with an area of 1630 sq. km and a shape likened to a plane tree leaf. On the western coast of Lesvos Island the passage of time and the lapping of the sea's waves have slowly revealed the petrified remains of plant life of the distant past. Intense volcanic activity, which took place in the Northern Aegean 20 million years ago, resulted in the creation of the Petrified Forest of Lesvos. Here one can find fossilised pieces of trees - which in the remote past were once alive - standing upright or lying on the ground in a multitude of colours, with their roots and branches. Scientists who have studied the Petrified Forest speak with wonder of the uniqueness, rarity and great scientific value of the monument. The Petrified Forest provides considerable information regarding the composition and character of paleoflora and climatic conditions of the distant past. This monument thus constitutes a natural document recording the geological history of the Aegean basin of the last 20 million years. In February 2004, UNESCO recognised the contribution of the Petrified Forest of Lesvos on geoconservation issues and included it in the UNESCO Global Geoparks Network along with all European Geoparks Network members.
The Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest is located in Sigri, on the western coast of the island and was founded in 1994. The Museum deals with all issues concerning the study, research, preservation, conservation and protection of the Petrified Forest (Law 2260/94). Apart from the Museum, five more visiting places were created with the necessary infrastructure (refreshment stand, pavilions etc.):
The area of the Petrified Forest of Lesvos offers a variety of different educational subjects on geology and environmental educational activities. In particular, three educational seminars that were addressed to young unemployed people were conducted the last two years in the Museum and one more is in the making. The participation in the European Geoparks Network enforces common activities and the realization of programmes funded by the European Community such as INTERREG NIC and LEADER +, which target the application of a common strategy towards geotourism and sustainable development in rural areas.
NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF THE LESVOS PETRIFIED FOREST
Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest GR 811 03 Sigri, Lesvos Island, Greece Tel-Fax: +302253054434
8th Novemvriou 17 & Papagianni Street
GR811 00 Mitilene
Nickolas Zouros firstname.lastname@example.org
Ilias Valiakos email@example.com
Websites: www.petrifiedforest.gr or www.lesvosmuseum.gr
Lesvos is a volcanic island, although there are no volcanoes now. There is however still geothermal activity, which gives rise to the existence of thermal springs. The mineral water from these springs is reputed to have many beneficial healing powers, particularly for those suffering with conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism. They are also good to ease many general aches and pains and are generally good for the skin.
For many years the thermal baths were neglected and were mainly used only by locals. Recently however there has been an increase in interest in the beneficial effects of the waters and the facilities have been improved.
The normal procedure for using the springs is to first take a cold shower, or dip in the sea, and then lower yourself slowly into the hot spring bath. When you have taken as much heat as you can tolerate, you slowly ease out of the water and rest to avoid dizziness. You then have another cold shower or dip in the sea and repeat the process for about 45 minutes, ending with a cold shower.
For some beautiful photos of the spring baths on the island and more information about the springs, see 'The Sacred Water - The Mineral Springs of Lesvos' by Jelly Hadjidimitrou.
Thermi is a few kilometres up the east coat from Mytiline. There is a beautiful old springs hotel (The Sarlitza), which unfortunately is now in ruins. The baths are now actually in a more modest modern building nearby. The temperature of the springs is 46.9° C.
The Geras or Thermas springs are situated on the road from Mytilene to Kalloni. They are the largest baths on the island and are divided into male and female sections. The temperature of the springs is 39.7° C.
Polichnitos & Lisvori
The Polichnitos springs are situated near the town of the same name, which is close to Vatera. The temperature of the springs is 81.4° C.
The Lisvori springs are just to the north of the Polichnitos springs. The temperature of the springs is 69.0° C.
The Eftalou springs are at the start of Eftalou beach, which is about 5kms from Molyvos. As such, they are the most accessible for visitors to the island. There is a public bath and also modern private two person baths. The temperature of the springs is 46.5° C.